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Medical Services

Medical Services

We are equipped to handle a wide variety of medical conditions, including emergencies. Because we can perform many diagnostic procedures in-house, we can often give you immediate answers and start treating your pet faster. In some cases, your pet may require hospitalization and further diagnostic tests. Please take a look at the more detailed descriptions of medical services we offer, or call us to discuss your pet’s needs.

 

Consultation Service

It is very important to update us with any change in their pet’s condition.

  • It is impossible to diagnose conditions over the phone, but we can often assist our clients in determining when their pet needs to be seen or if the condition is an actual emergency situation.
  • Please never feel you are an inconvenience to the doctors and staff at our hospitals by calling us with any question concerning your pet’s health.
  • Be assured that we are gratified to receive your call because it shows us your care and concern regarding the health of your pet.
  • Do not hesitate to call us if you need to!

Pharmacy

For your convenience we offer an in-house pharmacy so we can meet your pet’s needs.

  • We provide medications, flea and tick control products, and heartworm preventives.
  • We pass along any discounts or rebates from drug manufacturers.
  • We will match pricing from competitor’s retail websites with a current printout from that site. This keeps our product under manufacturer’s warranty and gives you piece of mind about where your pets medication is coming from.
  • We work with several compounding pharmacies in order to provide our patients with medications that are hard to find or in easier to administer forms, such as liquids, chewables or transdermals.

Blood Pressure

At our hospitals we are able to monitor your pet’s blood pressure to control the serious effects of hypertension.

  • Hypertension is a common problem in pets related to a variety of conditions.
  • Pets with renal (kidney) and cardiac disease and cats with hyperthyroid disease are often diagnosed with hypertension.
  • Just like in people, hyper- tension can lead to serious medical problems.
  • An increase in your pet’s blood pressure affects many organs, particularly the liver, eyes, kidneys and heart.
  • When blood pressure is abnormally high, blood vessel damage can occur.
    These damaged blood vessels will bleed, cause clots, fluid buildup and tissue death.

Dentistry

Imagine what your mouth would feel like if you never brushed your teeth or went to the dentist. For many dogs and cats, this is a painful reality.

  • According to the American Veterinary Dental Society, more than 80% of dogs and 70% of cats have dental disease by the age of 3.
  • Dental (or periodontal) disease is the most frequently diagnosed health problem in pets.

Common signs of dental disease include:

  • Yellow or brown buildup (tartar) on the teeth
  • Red, swollen, or bleeding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Excessive drooling
  • Changes in eating or chewing habits
  • Pawing at the face
  • Loose teeth
  • Depression

Even if your dog or cat doesn’t have these symptoms, we recommend that you have a veterinarian evaluate your pet’s dental health at least once a year.

  • Bacteria and food debris accumulate around the teeth and, if left unchecked, will lead to deterioration of the soft tissue and bone surrounding the teeth.
  • This decay can result in irreversible periodontal disease, tooth loss, and possibly expensive oral surgery.
  • Bacteria in the mouth can get into the bloodstream and cause serious infections in the kidneys, liver, lungs, and heart.
  • If these problems aren’t caught and treated quickly enough, they can result in death.
  • A physical exam combined with appropriate laboratory work can determine if infection in the mouth has spread.

Schedule your pet’s dental exam today! We can also show you how to brush your pet’s teeth and recommend foods and treats that will help combat plaque and tartar buildup.


Radiology (X-rays)

When we need to figure out what’s wrong with your pet, we routinely use x-rays to help identify the cause of the problem, rule out possible problems, or provide a list of possible causes. We may also use x-rays during a wellness exam to diagnose potential problems before they become serious.

  • X-rays provide valuable information about a pet’s bones, gastrointestinal tract (stomach, intestines, colon), respiratory tract (lungs), heart, and genitourinary system (bladder, prostate).
  • We use radiology alone or in conjunction with other diagnostic tools. Interpretation of radiographs requires great skill on the part of the veterinarian.
  • We offer digital radiology (x-rays that are captured digitally rather than on film). This technology allows us to provide you with a quicker diagnosis for your pet. Plus, it uses less radiation than traditional x-rays.
  • In some cases, we may need to sedate your pet or use short-acting general anesthesia in order to keep your pet still during an x-ray. Especially if your pet is in a lot of pain.

If you have any questions about our radiology service or what to expect during your pet’s procedure, please don’t hesitate to ask.


Flea Control

A flea problem on your pet means a flea problem in your home. Understanding the flea life cycle and methods for its control can be a daunting task. We will gladly assist you in this process. We can provide you with safe, effective flea prevention and if necessary, flea treatment. See the flea article in the Pet Health Library of our site.


Dermatology (Skin)

Skin problems are common in dogs and cats and can be caused by hormonal disorders, allergies, infections, or parasites such as fleas and mites. These issues can be difficult to treat and should be addressed promptly.

  • We can often diagnose a skin problem by simply examining your pet.
  • Some dermatologic diseases or conditions do require additional diagnostic procedures to ensure a correct diagnosis.
  • Depending on your pet’s symptoms and the results of our physical exam, we may run blood work, skin scraping, or biopsies.

Contact us if you notice your dog or cat scratching excessively or if he or she develops any bare patches, scabs, scaling, redness, inflammation, lumps, or bumps.


Cardiology (Heart)

Although heart problems are found more often in older pets, these conditions can affect pets at any age. Heart disease is usually a life-threatening condition, but early diagnosis and appropriate therapy can extend your pet’s life. If caught soon enough, some forms of heart disease can be cured.

  • Heart disease can lead to congestive heart failure (CHF), which occurs when the heart can no longer pump blood effectively.
  • With CHF, fluid usually accumulates in and around the lungs and sometimes in the abdomen.
  • Congenital heart disease (animals born with a heart problem), valvular heart disease (abnormalities of the heart valves), arrhythmias (rhythm disturbances), and heartworm disease can all lead to CHF.

Call us if your pet starts breathing rapidly or coughing, loses his or her appetite, tires easily, seems weak, or has trouble exercising. We can discover many heart problems during a physical exam.

  • Additional tests, such as an electrocardiogram (ECG), radiographs (x-rays), and ultrasounds, are usually needed to accurately identify the cause of the heart disease or failure.

Tonometry

It is crucial for your pet’s vision that we detect and treat glaucoma and other problems with intraocular pressure (pressure within the eye) as quickly as possible.

We can test your dog or cat’s eyes for excess pressure. The test, performed with a device called a tonometer, is not painful and does not require sedation.

  • If not treated immediately (within hours to days), glaucoma can cause permanent vision loss or even blindness.
  • Pets that have suffered eye injuries should have this test performed.
  • We recommend that breeds that are prone to developing glaucoma come in for regular measurements so we can monitor eye pressure and begin treatment before any problem becomes irreversible. Please call us to discuss whether your pet may be at higher risk for glaucoma.
  • Glaucoma is painful, your pet may react by rubbing or pawing at the eyes or rubbing his or her head against the floor or furniture more than normal.

Call us right away if you notice any of the following problems in either or both of your pet’s eyes: dilated (enlarged) pupils, clouding of the cornea (the normally clear outer layer of the eye), red or bloodshot eyes, one eye protruding or appearing larger than the other, squinting, or tearing.


Ultrasonography

Ultrasonography (also called ultrasound or sonography) is a noninvasive, pain-free procedure that uses sound waves to examine a pet’s internal organs and other structures inside the body. It can be used to evaluate the animal’s heart, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, and bladder; to detect fluid, cysts, tumors, or abscesses; and to confirm pregnancy or monitor an ongoing pregnancy.

  • We may use this imaging technique in conjunction with radiography (x-rays) and other diagnostic methods to ensure a proper diagnosis.
  • Interpretation of ultrasound images requires great skill on the part of the clinician.
  • The ultrasonographer applies gel to the surface of the body and then methodically moves a transducer (a small handheld tool) across the skin to record images of the area of interest.
  • The transducer emits ultrasonic sound waves, which are directed into the body toward the structures to be examined.
  • The waves create echoes of varying degrees depending on the density of the tissue and amount of fluid present.
  • Those waves create detailed images of the structures, which are shown on a monitor and recorded for evaluation.
  • Ultrasound does not involve radiation, has no known side effects, and doesn’t typically require pets to be sedated or anesthetized.
  • The hair in the area to be examined usually needs to be shaved so the ultrasonographer can obtain a good result.

If you have any questions about our ultrasonography service or what to expect during your pet’s procedure, please don’t hesitate to ask.


Endocrinology (Hormones)

Identifying endocrine problems as early as possible is important in dogs and cats. These serious, potentially life-threatening conditions are more manageable when caught early, allowing us to begin proper treatment.

  • The endocrine system is made up of a group of tissues (mostly glands) that release hormones into the bloodstream.
  • These hormones regulate metabolism, growth, development, and reproduction and are dispersed to different areas of the body, depending on the hormone’s function.
  • When a hormonal balance is disturbed (by a tumour or autoimmune disease, for instance), an endocrine disorder can develop.
  • “Hyper” refers to an excess of hormone, and “hypo” refers to a deficiency in a hormone. Treatment varies depending on the disease.

There are several common endocrine disorders found in dogs and cats:

  • Diabetes mellitus is caused by a deficiency in or resistance to the hormone insulin.
  • Hypothyroidism, which is often diagnosed in dogs, indicates that the animal has low levels of thyroid hormone.
  • Hyperthyroidism, which frequently affects cats, indicates that the animal has high levels of thyroid hormones.
  • Addison’s disease (hypoadrenocorticism) and Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism) can also affect both species, although Cushing’s disease is rare in cats.

Contact us if your pet begins panting excessively, develops any skin issues (such as hair loss or dull coat), or shows any changes in behaviour, energy levels, appetite, weight, water consumption, or urination.


Medical Assessment

To ensure a proper diagnosis, we need to examine your pet.

  • We begin a medical assessment by looking at your pet’s eyes, ears, and skin and checking his or her cardiovascular, neurological, gastrointestinal, and skeletal systems for any abnormalities.
  • We will perform blood and/or urine tests as necessary to check your pet’s kidneys, liver, pancreas, and endocrine system, including the thyroid and adrenal glands.
  • Based on your pet’s condition, we may recommend further diagnostic tests, such as radiography (x-rays), endoscopy (internal scoping), ultrasound, or biopsy.

If you’re concerned that something may be wrong with your pet, please call us to schedule a medical assessment. Depending on the symptoms, we may ask you to bring in your pet right away.